When completing college applications, there is always a FERPA Release Authorization section. FERPA stands for the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. FERPA ensures that student records will remain private and information will not be shared with anyone other than the student (and parents if the student is under the age of 18). However, because colleges require transcripts, the FERPA Release Authorization allows the school to send transcripts and other materials to the colleges the student has applied for admission.
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